PATHOGENETIC PARALLELS OF OSTEOPOROSIS AND CHRONIC PERIODONTITIS. LITERATURE REVIEW
Abstract and keywords
Abstract (English):
Subject. Parallels in the pathogenesis of two severe diseases of the modern era, osteoporosis and periodontitis. Objectives. To review domestic and international research on pathogenetic relationship between osteoporosis and periodontal pathology. Methodology. In topic generalization, the review of publications (since 2016) available on PubMed, eLIBRARY, Web of Science, Scopus by keywords is made. Conclusion. Research studies have shown that bone tissue in the orofacial region, though lesser than bones of axial skeleton, tends to develop osteoporosis. That is why patients with osteoporosis are recommended regular periodontal maintenance visits, especially when periodontal disease is diagnosed at the appointment or during the complex rehabilitation program for patients in osteoplastic and maxillofacial reconstructive surgery. Future controlled longitudinal studies may be useful in research of this relationship based on the features of osteogenesis in the both diseases. This literature review helps to develop modern views of pathogenetic relationship between osteoporosis and periodontitis, evaluate general risk factors, promote understanding of tools in the diagnostic process and interpretation of results. Moreover, with the help of this paper by knowing the cell and molecular structure of bone tissue and mechanisms of bone remodeling a dental practitioner can arrange a personalized follow-up strategy for patients in the risk group for the above two diseases timely engaging general practitioners in interdisciplinary and complex therapy of patients with periodontal pathology.

Keywords:
osteoporosis, chronic periodontitis, inflammatory maxillary bone destruction, vitamin D deficiency
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