Abstract and keywords
Abstract (English):
Subject. Fear of future pain. Objectives. To assess relationship between age and fear of future pain in women who were diagnosed with osteoporosis and chronic periodontitis. Methodology. The study was carried out by the Department of Preventive Dentistry and Propedeutics of Dental Disease, Ural State Medical University, and the Department of Control Systems Modeling, Ural Federal University. First, the review of domestic and foreign research literature was carried out. Next, the group of female participants was formed to take online survey; statistical analyses of the outcomes was carried out. Then, generalization involved results and conclusions, writing a research paper. To assess fears of future pain, the patients who met the following criteria were selected: women after the age of 45 with the known history of osteoporosis and chronic periodontitis, without any psychiatric disorders, who agreed and gave their written informed consents to participate in the research study. For assessment of fears of future pain, the Fear of Pain Questionnaire (FPQ-III) was completed by the women with osteoporosis and chronic generalized periodontitis. FPQ-III consists of 30 items divided into three subscales: Fear of Sever Pain, Fear of Minor Pain, and Fear of Medical Pain. Results of FPQ-III were rated on a 5-point Likert scale ranging from 1 to 5. The total score (from 30 to 150) and subscale scores (from 10 to 50) were calculated for each participant. Conclusion. The study found the positive linear relation between age and fear of future severe pain in women with osteoporosis and chronic periodontitis from both age groups (p ≤ 0.05). No relation between Fear of Minor Pain and Medical Pain was found (p ≥ 0.05).

phenomenon of pain, avoidance model, osteoporosis, fear of future pain, FPQ-III, women

1. Isaykin A.I. Boli v spine i osteoporoz. RMZh. 2019;27(9):33-39. [A.I. Isaykin. Back pain and osteoporosis. RMZ. 2019;27(9):33-39. (In Russ.)]. doi:

2. Sablina S.N., Elovikova T.M., Grigor'ev S.S., Koscheev A.S. Klinicheskie parametry sostoyaniya polosti rta u zhenschin postmenopauzal'nogo perioda pri kursovom primenenii nesteroidnogo protivovospalitel'nogo preparata. Stomatologiya. 2021;100(6):29-34. [S.N. Sablina, T.M. Elovikova, S.S. Grigorjev, A.S. Koscheev. Clinical parameters of the oral cavity in postmenopausal women during the course of a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug. Dentistry. 2021;100(6):29-34. (In Russ.)]. doi

3. Grigor'ev C.S., Sablina S.N., Elovikova T.M. i dr. Patogeneticheskie paralleli osteoporoza i hronicheskogo parodontita. Literaturnyy obzor. Problemy stomatologii. 2022;18(1):19-28. [S.S. Grigoriev, S.N. Sablina, T.M. Elovikova. et al. Pathogenetic parallels of osteoporosis and chronic periodontitis. Literature review. Actual Problems in Dentistry. 2022;18(1):19-28. (In Russ.)]. doi

4. Sablina S.N., Elovikova T.M., Grigor'ev S.S. i dr. Patent Rossiyskaya Federaciya № 2763874 C1, MPK A61K 6/00, A61K 31/192, A61K 31/198. Sposob lecheniya vospalitel'nyh zabolevaniy parodonta u zhenschin v meno- i postmenopauzal'nom periodah. № 2021113013. zayavl. 04.05.2021. 11.01.2022. [S.N. Sablina, T.M. Elovikova, S.S. Grigorjev et al. Patent No. 2763874 C1 Russian Federation, IPC A61K 6/00, A61K 31/192, A61K 31/198. Treatment of periodontal inflammation in menopausal and postmenopausal women. No.2021113013. Applied 04.05.2021. 11.01.2022. (In Russ.)].

5. Semencova E.A., Mandra Yu.V., Bazarnyy V.V. i dr. Vzaimosvyaz' klinicheskih stomatologicheskih vozrast-associirovannyh sindromov i nekotoryh prediktorov stareniya v polosti rta. Parodontologiya. 2022;27(1):74-79. [E.A. Sementsova, Yu.V. Mandra, V.V. Bazarnyi et al. The link between age-related dental syndromes and some oral predictors of aging. Periodontology. 2022;27(1);74-79. (In Russ.)]. doi

6. Toropcova N.V. Bol' v spine u pacientov s osteoporozom: vozmozhnosti simptomaticheskoy terapii. Effektivnaya farmakoterapiya. 2011;39:38-42. [N.V. Toropstova. Back pain in osteoporotic patients: symptom management. Effective pharmacotherapy. 2011;39:38-42. (In Russ.)].

7. Chernavskiy A.F. Psihofiziologicheskie predposylki proyavleniya straha. Izvestiya Rossiyskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta im. A.I. Gercena. 2007;19(45):442-448. [A.F. Chernavsky. Psychophysiological prerequisites for the manifestation of fear. Proceedings of the A.I. Herzen Russian State Pedagogical University. 2007;19(45):442-448. (In Russ.)].

8. Alshoraim M.A., El-Housseiny A.A., Farsi N.M., Felemban O.M., Alamoudi N.M., Alandejani A.A. Effects of child characteristics and dental history on dental fear: cross-sectional study // BMC Oral Health. – 2018;7;18(1):33. doi:

9. Edwards C.B., Randall C.L., McNeil D.W. Development and Validation of the Oral Health Values Scale // Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. – 2021;49(5):454-463. doi:

10. Slat S., Yaganti A., Thomas J., Helminski D., Heisler M., Bohnert A., Lagisetty P. Opioid Policy and Chronic Pain Treatment Access Experiences: A Multi-Stakeholder Qualitative Analysis and Conceptual Model // J Pain Res. – 2021;27;14:1161-1169. doi:

11. Forrester S.N., Gallo J.J., Whitfield K.E., Thorpe R.J.Jr. A framework of minority stress: From physiological manifestations to cognitive outcomes // Gerontologist. – 2019;59(6):1017-1023. doi:

12. Goettems M.L., Shqair A.Q., Bergmann V.F., Cadermatori M.G., Correa M.B., Demarco F.F. Oral health self-perception, dental caries, and pain: the role of dental fear underlying this association // Int J Paediatr Dent. – 2018;28(3):319-325. doi:

13. Hirsh A.T., George S.Z., Bialosky J.E., Robinson M.E. Fear of pain, pain catastrophizing, and acute pain perception: relative prediction and timing of assessment // J Pain. – 2008;9(9):806-812. doi:

14. Litman L., Robinson J., Abberbock T. A versatile crowdsourcing data acquisition platform for the behavioral sciences // Behav Res Methods. – 2017;49(2):433-442. DOI:

15. Litman L., Robinson J. Conducting Online Research on Amazon Mechanical Turk and Beyond. Thousand Oaks. CA : Sage. 2021.

16. Mittinty M.M., Brennan D.S., Randall C.L., McNeil D.W., Mittinty M.N., Jamieson L. Influence of Fear of Pain and Coping Strategies on Health-Related Quality of Life and Patient-Anticipated Outcomes in Patients With Chronic Pain: Cross-Sectional Study Protocol // JMIR Res Protoc. – 2017;8;6(9):e176. doi:

17. McNeil D.W., Rainwater A.J. Development of the Fear of Pain Questionnaire—III // J Behav Med. – 1998;21(4):389-410. DOI:

18. Osman A., Breitenstein J.L., Barrios F.X., Gutierrez P.M., Kopper B.A. The Fear of Pain Questionnaire-III: further reliability and validity with nonclinical samples // J Behav Med. – 2002;25(2):155-173. DOI:

19. Ranger T.A., Cicuttini F.M., Jensen T.S., Manniche C., Heritier S., Urquhart D.M. Catastrophization, fear of movement, anxiety, and depression are associated with persistent, severe low back pain and disability // Spine J. – 2020;20(6):857-865. doi:

20. Rogers M.A., Kauffman B.Y, Bakhshaie J., McHugh R.K., Ditre J.W. Anxiety sensitivity and opioid misuse among opioid-using adults with chronic pain // Am J. Drug. Alcohol. Abuse. – 2019;45(5):470-478. doi:

21. Wong W.S., Lam H.M., Chen P.P., Chow Y.F., et al. The fear-avoidance model of chronic pain: assessing the role of neuroticism and negative affect in pain catastrophizing using structural equation modeling // Int. J. Behav. Med. – 2015;22(1):118-131. doi:

22. Wright C.D., Tiani A.L., Billingsley A.L., Steinman S.A., Larkin K.T., McNeil D.W. A framework for understanding the role of psychological processes in disease development, maintenance, and treatment: The 3P-Disease Model // Front Psychol. – 2019;10:2498. DOI:

23. Wright C.D., McNeil D.W., Edwards C.B., Crout R.J., Neiswanger K., Shaffer J.R., Marazita M.L. Periodontal Status and Quality of Life: Impact of Fear of Pain and Dental Fear // Pain Res Manag. – 2017;2017:5491923. doi:

24. Vambheim S.M., Lyby P.S., Aslaksen P.M., Flaten M.A., Åsli O., Martinussen L.M. The Fear of Pain Questionnaire-III and the Fear of Pain Questionnaire-Short Form: a confirmatory factor analysis // J Pain Res. – 2017;8;10:1871-1878. doi:

Login or Create
* Forgot password?