APPLICATION OF COMPUTER MODELING AND 3D-PRINTING TECHNOLOGIES IN THE DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT OF PATIENTS WITH MIDFACIAL FRACTURES
Abstract and keywords
Abstract (English):
Today, 16% of all traumatic injuries occur in the area of the facial skeleton. The social-economic component of this problem is also important, because in most cases such injuries are received by representatives of the able-bodied population [4]. The area of interest requires special attention due to the proximity of vital anatomical structures, as well as its aesthetic significance, which will determine the quality of social rehabilitation of patients with craniofacial injuries, especially the midfacial region. The complexity of the facial skeleton structures, massive vascularization and innervation of the craniofacial region in many cases are the causes of difficulties in the diagnosis and treatment processes in patients with facial injuries, which negatively affects the quality of medical care and further rehabilitation, social adaptation [1-25]. Introduction of digital technologies such as computer modeling and 3D-printing into the processes of diagnosis and treatment in patients with craniofacial fractures allows minimizing the number of possible mistakes even at the stage of primary diagnosis, planning the upcoming surgical intervention and modeling a high-precision individualized augment for replacing bony defects [8]. Digitalization of diagnostic and treatment procedures will, in turn, bring the accuracy of the reconstruction to a fundamentally new level, reduce the duration of treatment and rehabilitation, including social rehabilitation [4]. The article presents the results of a comparative analysis of the traditional algorithm for diagnosing and treating maxillary fractures in region of orbital floor using a standard titanium mesh, as well as its improved version, improved by the use of 3D modeling and printing technologies.

Keywords:
Orbit, reconstructive surgery, fracture, craniomaxillofacial surgery, 3D-technologies, modeling
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