MODERN ASPECTS OF ETIOPATHOGENESIS, CLINICS AND TREATMENT OF PATHOLOGY MUCOUS MEMBRANE OF MOUTH IN PATIONS WITH GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT DISEASES
Abstract and keywords
Abstract (English):
Subject. Despite the many pathogenetic links in the lesions of the gastrointestinal tract and oral mucosa, unresolved issues related to their etiopathogenesis, diagnosis and high-quality therapeutic and preventive measures. Among the various pathological processes manifesting on the oral mucosa, recurrent aphthous stomatitis is a chronic disease characterized by the appearance of secondary pathomorphological elements (aphthae) in response to the development of acute proliferative inflammation. The goal is the analysis and systematization of literature data on the problem of damage to the oral mucosa in acid-dependent diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Methodology. Recurrent aphthae of the oral cavity belong to the chronic pathology of the oral mucosa, are characterized by a prolonged course and periodic relapses, which are most often associated with the state of somatic status, including the presence of acid-dependent diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Results. The main pathomorphological element inherent in this pathology is aphtha. Its localization is the mucous membrane of the vestibule of the oral cavity, cheeks, and lateral surface of the tongue, visually oval or round, covered with a dirty white fibrinous coating. Treatment of recurrent aphthae of the oral cavity includes a complex consisting of general systemic therapy of the underlying disease. Local treatment includes the use of antihistamines, immunocorrection, drugs that increase nonspecific hypersensitivity, normalization of cellular metabolism and stimulate nonspecific defense mechanisms, vitamin therapy and physiotherapy methods. Conclusions. This treatment should ultimately be aimed at eliminating not only pain, but also at increasing local immunity factors, combating pathogenic microflora and promoting the epithelization of pathological processes on the oral mucosa. Of great importance in the treatment and prevention of recurrent aphthae is a comprehensive examination of the patient in order to identify risk factors.

Keywords:
oral mucosa, recurrent aphthosis, gastrointestinal tract diseases, risk factors, quality of life
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