IMPROVEMENT OF APPROACHES TO TREATMENT OF CHILDREN WITH SUPERFICIAL INFANTILE HEMANGIOMAS OF THE HEAD AND NECK USING HIGH-ENERGY LASERS
Abstract and keywords
Abstract (English):
Background. Hemangiomas of the skin and mucous membranes, which belong to the group of vascular abnormalities, make up about 50% among other soft tissue tumors in children. Laser coagulation is one of the treatment methods that can provide both a radical removal of superficial hemangiomas and leaving an imperceptible trace. The goal is to increase the effectiveness of treatment of children with superficial infant hemangiomas of the head and neck by substantiating the differentiated selection of a high-energy laser. Methodology. A total of 512 children were included in the study. In accordance with the tasks of the study, the total body of material was divided into four parts: evaluation of the long-term results of the treatment of infant hemangiomas; a comparative study of the effectiveness of two laser systems in the treatment of infantile hemangiomas with varying degrees of elevation over the surrounding skin; assessment of the aesthetic efficiency of using laser technologies against the background of the modernization of the cooling method in the treatment of infantile hemangiomas of the face and neck in children; the study of the social effectiveness of the protocol for choosing a method of treatment of infantile hemangiomas of the head and neck in children. Results. The obtained statistically significant difference in changes on all scales between the two groups mathematically confirmed that the modernized approach makes it possible to obtain higher social effectiveness of the treatment, apparently due to the greater aesthetics of the remaining scars after treatment. Conclusions. A pronounced difference was found in the response of hemangiomas to various types of lasers, the combination of laser-coagulation with constant water cooling has a greater aesthetic effectiveness than the use of periodic ice applications, the social effectiveness of the approach using the protocol for choosing treatment tactics is higher than with standard approaches.

Keywords:
infant hemangiomas, laser coagulation of hemangiomas, aesthetic assessment of scars after hemangiomas, social effectiveness of hemangiomas treatment
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