CONDITION OF PERIODONTAL TISSUES IN CHILDREN WITH CONGENITAL CLEAT OF THE PALATE AND DEFECT AFTER URANOPLASTY
Abstract and keywords
Abstract (English):
The article is devoted to the study of the state of periodontal tissues in children with congenital cleft palate and defects remaining after uranoplasty. Objectives. To determine the characteristics of the state of periodontal tissues in children with defects remaining after uranoplasty in congenital cleft palate and to compare the obtained clinical data with a group of apparently healthy children. Methodology. The article presents the results of a clinical dental examination of 109 children aged 6-12 years with congenital cleft palate after uranoplasty and residual defects. In the examined children, the hygienic state of the oral cavity was assessed, the severity of gingivitis and the condition of the periodontal tissues were determined. The hygienic state of the oral cavity was assessed by the Fedorov-Volodkina index (1964), the Green-Vermillion IGR-U (C. Green, JR Vermillion, OHI-S), the periodontal condition using the complex periodontal index KPI (Leus P.A., 1988) and papillary-marginal-alveolar index (PMA, C. Parma, 1960). Results. In children with remaining postoperative defects with severe congenital cleft palate, the level of hygiene is more often characterized as "poor" and "unsatisfactory" than in healthy children; the highest incidence of periodontal diseases in childhood was revealed. In most cases, children with postoperative palate defects were found to have mild and moderate severity of gingivitis according to the PMA index. Conclusions. The results of the study made it possible to obtain clinical and dental data on periodontal diseases in children with congenital cleft palate and defects remaining after uranoplasty. To prepare a patient for a reconstructive plastic surgery to eliminate the remaining palate defect, it is necessary to introduce a set of measures to treat periodontal diseases and improve the health of the oral cavity into the rehabilitation algorithm for children with congenital cleft palate.

Keywords:
congenital cleft lip and palate, periodontal disease, gingivitis, hygiene index, complex form of cleft palate, postoperative palate defect
References

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