EVALUATION OF THE FEATURES OF CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS AND QUALITY OF LIFE IN PATIENTS WITH VARIOUS FORMS OF THE LICHEN RUBER PLANUS OF THE MOUTH
Abstract and keywords
Abstract (English):
Subject. The data on the clinical features of lichen planus of the oral mucosa in patients undergoing inpatient and outpatient treatment by dentists and dermatovenerologists in the cities of Ufa and Omsk are presented. The goal is to assess the characteristics of clinical manifestations and quality of life in patients with typical, exudative-hyperemic and erosive-ulcerative forms of lichen planus, living in the cities of Ufa and Omsk. Methodology. The study involved 50 patients with an established diagnosis of lichen planus, aged 35 to 65 years (39 women and 11 men). We used such methodological tools as a comprehensive dental, clinical examination, a questionnaire method using a questionnaire to assess the quality of life of patients with diseases of the oral mucosa, as well as a simplified validated version of the OHIP-49-RU questionnaire. Results. A study of the risks of developing lichen planus of the oral mucosa showed that the main factors of its development are stressful situations (36 %) and prosthetics (18 %), aggravation of somatic diseases was noted by 14 %, heredity — 6 %, 26 % of the respondents could not correlate the occurrence of this diseases with the influence of any of the above causative factors. The lowest level of quality of life was in patients with an erosive-ulcerative form of the disease, the total index of which was 27.2 %, which is higher than with typical and exudative-hyperemic forms, by 6.6 and 2.2 %, respectively. Conclusions. The presented data deserve attention as key parameters for the further study of this disease, as well as the study of new diagnostic methods and the development of therapeutic and preventive measures.

Keywords:
lichen ruber planus, oral mucosa, quality of life, stressful situations, questionnaire
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