CAUSES, DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT OF MAXILLARY SINUSITIS, THE CURRENT STATE OF THE PROBLEM
Abstract and keywords
Abstract (English):
Object. Patients with inflammatory diseases of paranasal sinuses make up about 1/3 of the total number of patients admitted to hospitals with diseases of the upper respiratory tract. The aim of the study was to describe the causes and methods of treatment of maxillofacial sinusitis according to the Department of maxillofacial surgery and otorhinolaryngology SB "SOKB № 1" AND compare them for the periods from 2006 to 2007 and from 2015 to 2018 g. Methodology. A retrospective study of nosology according to the annual reports and protocols of operating journals, patient histories of the Department of maxillofacial surgery and otorhinolaryngology SB "SOKB № 1" FOR the periods from 2006 to 2007, and from 2015 to 2018. Results. Over the investigated period, the proportion of hospitalized patients with sinusitis increased 1.9 times. Between 2016 and 2017, 2.7 times more patients with chronic sinusitis and rhinosinusitis were hospitalized than in 2006-2007. The number of hospitalized patients with acute sinusitis decreased significantly (9.5 times). The frequency of chronic inflammation in the maxillary sinus is 3.3-7.4 times higher than in other paranasal sinuses. Women predominate among patients with sinusitis. The age of patients with sinusitis is varied, but middle-aged and young people make up the majority. Analysis of factors of infection of the maxillary sinus showed that the most common cause of inflammation of the maxillary sinus in hospitalized patients were foreign bodies and perforations of the bottom of the sinus when removing the upper teeth. The analysis of surgical treatment methods of chronic maxillary sinusitis in different years showed that in 2006-2007 Caldwell—Luke sinusotomy prevailed, and now – endoscopic sinusotomy. Conclusion. Pathology of maxillary sinuses requires a comprehensive approach of an otorhinolaryngologist, dentist and maxillofacial surgeon in matters of diagnostic and therapeutic tactics.

Keywords:
maxillary sinusitis, foreign body of the paranasal sinuses, perforation of the maxillary sinus wall, sinusotomy, minimally invasive endoscopic surgery
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