Purpose: To investigate the relationship between post and core build-up materials on the fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth restored with different onlay restorations. Methods: 60 mandibular molars were endodontically treated and divided into three experimental groups that received one of the following onlay restorations: gold onlays, glass ceramic onlays, or resin composite onlays. Half of the specimens in each group received a fiber post (n = 10). Two controls groups (n = 10) were included: one group composed of sound mandibular molars, and the second group was composed of endodontically treated unrestored molars. Fracture tests were carried out by applying axial load using a universal loading machine until fracture. All fractured specimens were fractographically examined using a scanning electron microscope. Data were analyzed using two-way ANOVA and Tukey multiple comparison tests (α = 0.05). Results: Statistical analysis showed that restoration of endodontically treated teeth with gold onlays improved fracture resistance when compared to glass ceramic or resin composite onlays. The presence of a fiber post significantly improved (P< 0.045) fracture resistance of gold onlays from 2271 to 2874N while it did not influence the performance of the other two groups. Fractographic analyses revealed that the presence of fiber post resulted in more restorable fractures due to better stress distribution of the applied load. All onlay systems resulted in significant improvement of the fracture resistance compared to unrestored teeth (711N) but neither of them resulted in restoring the fracture resistance to match that of sound teeth (3212 N). (Am J Dent 2010;23:81-86).
onlay systems, onlay restorations, fracture resistance, glass fiber posts, endodontic treatment, cementation, fracture resistance test, ferrule effect